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Wine grape variety grown in Apulia

Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso n.

Ancient vine of the group of Refoschi. Widespread in Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto. Then introduced in Apulia, after suitable experimentation.

Origin and Historical Outline

This old vine from Friuli belongs to the larger Refosco family, of which it is undoubtedly the most famous and appreciated. Already known in the 1700’s, it has become increasingly widespread in the past few decades in comparison with other vines of the Refosco group. It is especially widespread in Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto.


Refosco, Refosco nostrano, Refosco terrano. 

Shoot tip: medium-expanded, fluffy, yellowwhitish with light pink shades.

Leaf: medium-large, roundish, pentagonal, sometimes trilobate. V or U-shaped petiole sinus. Barely marked, open V-shaped upper and lower lateral sinuses.

Bunch: medium, pyramid-shaped, with one wing, medium-loose, with wine-red peduncle.

Berry: medium-small, spheroidal. Thick, pruinose, quite resistant skin, blue-black colour. Flesh with neutral taste.

Time of bud burst: intermediate

Flowering time: intermediate-early

Veraison: intermediate

Ripening: intermediate-early

Vigour: high

Average bunch weight: 290 g (min 240 g – max 340 g)

Average berry weight: 1.4 g (min 1.2 g – max 1.7 g)

Number of seeds per berry: 2 4

Average rachis weight: 20 g

Fertility of buds: 2 – 1

Potential fertility: 1.8

Actual fertility: 1.5

Prefers calcareous soils, rich in skeleton. Counter-espalier is the most frequently used training system, with long pruning. Good and consistent production.

Good resistance to cold winters, susceptible to downy mildew and excoriose, fairly susceptible to oidium, tolerates botrytis, drought and chlorosis.

Alcoholic content: 11.5 – 13.5 % by vol.

pH: 3.1 – 3.4

Total acidity: 7 – 8.5 g/l

The Refosco dal peduncolo rosso n. vine ( red peduncle) is used exclusively for vinification.

In Apulia, it allows the production of good quality wine, garnet red in colour tending towards violet, with an intense and pleasant bouquet, sapid, bitterish, slightly tannic, full-bodied. It lends itself to short ageing.

The Refosco dal peduncolo rosso n. vine, widespread in north-eastern Italy, has given excellent results since its experimentation in Apulia, following which it was registered among those suitable for cultivation throughout the region.

Antonacci Donato

The data sheet of the Refosco dal peduncolo rosso n., revised and updated, is extracted from: Antonacci Donato (2006). Viti di Puglia, Adda publisher. Its use is granted by the author citing the source.