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White wine grape variety grown in Puglia

Pinot Bianco b.

Pinot Bianco b. is a grape of important national and international diffusion, diffused also in Apulia, it is suitable for cultivation in all Apulia region. 

Origin and Historical Outline

Pinot Bianco b. is a white grape variety of important national and international distribution. It comes from a chemical mutation of Pinot Nero or Pinot Grigio, from which it distinguishes only after the veraison. For a long time it was confused with Chardonnay. It was successfully introduced in different regions of Italy and also in Apulia.


Synonyms

Borgogna bianco, Pinot bianco verde, Pinot verde, Pinot blanc, Weissburgunder. 


Shoot tip: expanded, fluffy, green-whitish with pale carmine edge, from straight to slightly curved.

Leaf: from medium to medium-small, pentagonal, roundish, mostly lobeless, sometimes also trilobate. Open V-shaped petiole sinus or with overlapping lobes. Open U-shaped upper lateral sinuses, if present. Slightly cone-shaped or flat blade.

Bunch: small, cylindrical, frequently with a strongly developed wing, dense.

Berry: small-medium, spheroid. Not very pruinose, thin, soft skin, golden yellow colour, spotted, plain and sweet taste.

Time of bud burst: early-intermediate

Flowering time: early

Veraison: early

Ripening: early

Vigour: medium-high

Average bunch weight: 170 g (min 110 g – max 270 g)

Average berry weight: 1.8 g (min 1.6 g – max 2 g)

Number of seeds per berry: 2 4

Average rachis weight: 12 g

Fertility of buds: 2 – 1

Potential fertility: 1.5

Actual fertility: 1.3

Fair and consistent production. Prefers not very fertile and not dry, hilly soil, medium-high training with short pruning.

Alcoholic content: 10 – 14 % by vol.

pH: 3.1 – 3.6

Total acidity: 4.5 – 8.5 g/l

The Pinot Bianco b. grape variety is used exclusively for vinification, for the preparation of spumante charmat method wine and still white wine.

The wine is straw yellow in colour, very fragrant, dry, bitterish, velvety, warm, rightly acidic and harmonious. The wine can improve with moderate ageing.

The Pinot Bianco b. vine is fairly present in Apulia, where it is registered among the varieties suitable for cultivation throughout the region. The vine is included in several DOC wine production specifications in central and southern Italy.

In Apulia it is used for the production of the QWpsr Castel del Monte, Salice Salentino and Lizzano.

Antonacci Donato
antonacci.dona@gmail.com

The data sheet of the Pinot Bianco b., revised and updated, is extracted from: Antonacci Donato (2006). Viti di Puglia, Adda publisher. Its use is granted by the author citing the source.