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Wine grape variety grown in Apulia

Negramaro Precoce Cannellino n.

 The Negramaro Precoce Cannellino n. selected in 1994 in a vineyard of Negroamaro n., is a prestigious vine of the Salento Areale vineyard of Apulia


Origin and Historical Outline

With regard to the discovery in Apulia of the black wine grape variety Negramaro Precoce Cannellino n. it is reported that in 1994, as part of the program of genetic improvement of viticulture in Salento, conducted by the Experimental Institute for Viticulture (today CREA-VE)In a Negroamaro vineyard, a strain was found which clearly anticipated the veraison and ripening compared to the other vines in the vineyard. The results of the analyses and surveys carried out confirmed that the identified Negroamaro has ampelographic, ampelometric, productive, isoenzymatic and DNA characteristics typical of the Negroamaro grape variety, but has such a marked precocity of ripeness (of at least 20 days) to influence in a very positive way also the chemical component of the grape at the time of harvest (Calò 1999).


Negroamaro precoce, Negroamaro cannellino. 

Shoot tip: expanded, fluffy, white-yellowish with wine-pink shades.

Leaf: medium-large, pentagonal, trilobate or pentalobate. Open V-shaped petiole sinus; upper lateral sinuses with overlapping lobes; open lower lateral sinuses.

Bunch: medium, cone or pyramid-shaped, medium-dense.

Berry: very small, ellipsoid. Pruinose, blue-black skin; flesh with a neutral taste.

Time of bud burst: intermediate

Flowering time: intermediate-early

Veraison: intermediate-early

Ripening: intermediate-early

Vigour: medium

Average bunch weight: 180 g (min 170 g – max 190 g)

Average berry weight: 0.7 g (min 0.5 g – max 1 g)

Number of seeds per berry: 1 2

Average rachis weight: 9 g

Fertility of buds: 2 – 1

Potential fertility: 1.7

Actual fertility: 1.3

Same soil and climate conditions, training and pruning requirements as for Negroamaro.

Alcoholic content: 12 – 14.5 % by vol.

pH: 3.4 – 3.6

Total acidity: 5 – 7 g/l

The grapes of the Negramaro Precoce Cannellino n. variety are used exclusively for vinification.  The resulting wine is elegant, well balanced and has an intense red colour with an excellent tonality; it has a scent of ripe fruit, a full taste, and is balanced and properly tannic.

The Negramaro Precoce Cannellino n. vine was selected by the Experimental Institute for Viticulture in Apulia and precisely in Salento, the typical Negroamaro growing area, in old Negramaro vineyards. It is registered among the vines suitable for cultivation throughout Apulia with the exception of the Capitanata production area.

Antonacci Donato

The data sheet of the Negramaro Precoce Cannellino n.,revised and updated, is extracted from: Antonacci Donato (2006). Viti di Puglia, Adda publisher. Its use is granted by the author citing the source.