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White grape variety cultivated in Apulia

Montonico Pinto b.

The grape variety Montonico Pinto b. has Calabrian origins; it has been successfully tested in Apulia and proposed as suitable for Murgia Centrale and Capitanata.

Origin and Historical Outline

The interesting white-fruited grape variety Montonico Pinto b., belonging to the Montonici family, has been selected as part of the vineyards of ancient cultivation in Calabria and introduced by this in the last century, after appropriate experimentation, in Apulia. Research (Antonacci D., Pedone L., Placco L., 1986) has shown that this is a different variety from the Montonico bianco b. and Mantonica b.


Montonico ciarchiarisi, in alcuni comuni del territorio della provincia di Cosenza (Antonacci D., Pedone L., Placco L., 1986).  

Shoot tip: pale green with bright carmine edge, fan-shaped, downy to fluffy.

Leaf: medium-large, pentagonal, pentalobate with regular elongated lobes. Very marked lateral teeth, with a narrow base, irregular shape, slightly uncinate. Lyre-shaped petiole sinus with overlapping lobes; deep or very deep, U or lyre-shaped lateral sinuses.

Bunch: medium, elongated, cone-shaped or cylindrical, loose, often double having a very long wing, sometimes two wings.

Berry: medium-small, regular, oval with circular cross-section. Hardly pruinose, thin, compact skin, yellowish-green colour, or amber after complete ripening, with some darker spots. Soft and juicy flesh with a typical flavour.

Time of bud burst: intermediate-late

Flowering time: intermediate

Veraison: intermediate

Ripening: intermediate

Vigour: medium-good

Average bunch weight: 240 g (min 170 g – max 320 g)

Average berry weight: 1.6 g (min 1.4 g – max 1.8 g)

Number of seeds per berry: 1 2

Average rachis weight: 9 g

Fertility of buds: 2 – 1

Potential fertility: 1.7

Actual fertility: 1.4

Il vitigno Montonico Pinto b. presenta in Puglia produzione costante e si adatta bene a sistemi di allevamento espansi, con potatura media o lunga.  

Alcoholic content: 12 – 13.5 % by vol.

pH: 3.1 – 3.3

Total acidity: 7 – 10 g/l

The grapes of the Montonico Pinto b. vine, characterised when ripe by an excellent compositional balance between acid and sugar content, are used exclusively for vinification, generally in blends with grapes from other vines. In Apulia, when vinified as a single variety, it makes a good, well-structured table wine, straw yellow in colour, finely aromatic and with a distinctive taste.

The Montonico Pinto b. vine is present in Calabria and in the Apulia region. In Apulia, it is considered to be one of the varieties suitable for cultivation in the areas of the Central Murgia and Capitanata, with the (incorrect) synonym of Montonico b.

Antonacci Donato

The data sheet of the Montonico Pinto b., revised and updated, is extracted from: Antonacci Donato (2006). Viti di Puglia, Adda publisher. Its use is granted by the author citing the source.