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White grape variety cultivated in Apulia

Montonico Bianco b.

The grape variety Montonico Bianco b. is an old wine variety, very productive, widespread in central Adriatic Italy, present in the north of Apulia.   

Origin and Historical Outline

The origins of the white grape variety Montonico Bianco b. are unknown. It is an old variety, which has in the high productivity its strong point, diffused in regions of Central Adriatic Italy, such as the Marche and Abruzzo, and is present in the north of Apulia.

Researches carried out also realizing appropriate fields of varietal comparison, have shown that the Montonico Bianco b. is a vine different from the Montonico Pinto (Antonacci D., Pedone L., Placco L., 1986) and from the Mantonico bianco (Antonacci D., Placco L., 1988)traditionally grown in Calabria and then introduced also in Puglia.


Bottato, Caprone, Chiapparone, Ciapparone, Racciapollona, Racciapollone, Uva racciapoluta, Uva regno. 

Shoot tip: fan-shaped, downy, green-whitish, in some cases with pink edges.

Leaf: medium-large, circular or pentagonal, pentalobate. Open lyre-shaped or half-closed petiole sinus; open V-shaped upper lateral sinuses; medium deep, open V-shaped lower lateral sinuses.

Bunch: large, elongated cylindrical-conical, sometimes also winged, dense of fairly dense.

Berry: medium-large, spherical; medium pruinose, compact skin, yellow, often with brown streaks.

Time of bud burst: intermediate

Flowering time: intermediate-early

Veraison: intermediate-late

Ripening: late

Average bunch weight: 420 g (min 290 g – max 700 g)

Average berry weight: 2.9 g (min 2.5 g – max 3.4 g)

Number of seeds per berry: 2 4

Average rachis weight: 19 g

Fertility of buds: 2 – 1

Potential fertility: 1.3

Actual fertility: 0.9

Abundant and consistent yield. Suited for high training, medium or long pruning.

Alcoholic content: 10 – 11.5 % by vol.

pH: 3.15 – 3.40

Total acidity: 6 – 7.5 g/l

Grapes used exclusively for vinification., in blends with other grapes.

Bright straw-yellow wine, vinous and fine scent, intense and fresh taste, somewhat astringent.

This vine is occasionally to be found in Abruzzo, Marches, Umbria and Calabria.

It is present in northern Apulia and registered among the varieties suited to being grown in the provinces of Foggia and Bari.

Antonacci Donato

The data sheet of the Montonico Bianco b., revised and updated, is extracted from: Antonacci Donato (2006). Viti di Puglia, Adda publisher. Its use is granted by the author citing the source.