White grape variety cultivated in Apulia
The wine variety Coda di Volpe Bianca b., cultivated in Apulia, is present in the center-north of the region and is suitable for cultivation in Capitanata.
Several authors (Di Rovasenda, 1877; Rassetti, 1904; Dalmasso, 1937) agree that the origins of the wine variety Coda di Volpe Bianca b. date back to Roman times.
With the name Alopecia was mentioned by Pliny a vine that then took the name of Coda di volpe, for the characteristic curvature that takes the apical part of the cluster, which recalls the tail of a fox. The vine has arrived in the north of Puglia from the neighbouring regions.
Alopecis, Durante, Pallagrello.
Shoot tip: expanded, fluffy, green with red-purplish spots.
Leaf: large, pentagonal, pentalobate with quite developed lobes. Lyre-shaped petiole sinus; deep, closed lyre-shaped upper lateral sinuses with slightly overlapping lobes; not very pronounced V-shaped, or deep and U-shaped lower lateral sinuses. The upper leaf side is dull green, hairless.
Bunch: large, mostly with short wings, pyramidshaped basal part, cylindrical distal part, curved tip, dense or fairly dense.
Berry: small, regular, sub-spherical, pruinose, compact, green-yellowish skin; juicy or slightly crisp flesh, neutral taste.
Time of bud burst: late
e Flowering time: late
Average bunch weight: 300 g (min 160 g – max 450 g)
Average berry weight: 1.1 g (min 0.8 g – max 1.4 g)
Number of seeds per berry: 1 2
Average rachis weight: 13 g
Fertility of buds: 1 – 2
Potential fertility: 1.3
Actual fertility: 1.1
Not suited for very long pruning, especially on dry, siliceous or clayey-calcareous soils. Medium or good yield.
Alcoholic content: 11 – 13.5 % by vol.
pH: 3.2 – 3.5
Total acidity: 4.5 – 7 g/l
The grapes of the Coda di Volpe Bianca b. vine are used exclusively for the production of wine and contribute to a number of PDOs in neighbouring regions (Campi Flegrei, Greco di Tufo, Sannio, Taburno and Vesuvio).
The wine is golden yellow in colour, brilliant, with a vinous aroma and a light, pleasant taste.
The Coda di Volpe Bianca b. is mainly grown in Campania. In Apulia it is present in the area in the centre-north of the region and is suitable for cultivation in the Capitanata production area.