White wine grape variety grown in Apulia
The grape variety Cococciola b. is a white fruit grape, present in the north of Apulia, although not significantly and in the old vineyards.
Its origin is unknown. It is mentioned by Vialà and Vermorel (1909), who list it as a vine present in Abruzzo. It probably reached the north of Apulia from this region thanks to transhumance.
Shoot tip: fan-shaped, with light pubescence, green-yellowish colour.
Leaf: medium or even large, kidney-shaped or pentagonal, trilobate or pentalobate. U-shaped petiole sinus; half-closed, U-shaped upper lateral sinuses; open V-shaped lower lateral sinuses, if present.
Bunch: medium weight, cylindrical-conical or pyramid-shaped, also winged, dense or fairly dense.
Berry: medium-high weight, sub-spheroidal, fairly pruinose, thick and compact skin with yellowgreenish epidermis, possible brown streaks or spots.
Time of bud burst: early-intermediate
Flowering time: intermediate-late
Average bunch weight: 410 g (min 220 g – max 520 g)
Average berry weight: 4.2 g (min 3.7 g – max 4.8 g)
Number of seeds per berry: 2 3
Average rachis weight: 14 g
Fertility of buds: 1 – 2
Potential fertility: 1.2
Actual fertility: 0.9
Abundant and consistent production, it doesn’t seem to have peculiar requirements from the point of view of weather and climate conditions; prefers medium-high training systems and medium pruning.
Alcoholic content: 10 – 12 % by vol.
pH: 3.35 – 3.5
Total acidity: 5 – 7 g/l
In Apulia, the Cococciola b. grape is generally not made into wine on its own, but used in blends with other local wine varieties, such as Trebbiani and Bombino bianco. When vinified as a single variety, it produces a wine with a rather sour taste and rich colour.
The Cococciola b. is present in Apulia, especially in the north of the region, although not in significant amounts. It is registered among the varieties suited to being grown in the areas of Murgia Centrale and Capitanata.